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Themes Explorers and Adventurers Nobel Prize Winners
Actors/Actresses and Directors Famous People Places of Interest
Anglo-Saxons and Danes Historic Events Prime Ministers
Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty Inventors and Scientists Royal Consorts and Heirs
Artists and Architects Monarchs World Heritage Sites
Composers National Parks Writers and Poets

Shropshire
Shropshire lies in western England and borders Wales to the west.



Towns include the county seat of Shrewsbury.



The county was once known as Salop.

Anglo-Saxons and Danes
The small kingdom of the Wreocensaete once lay in the north of the county but this later became part of the kingdom of Mercia. Occupying a large part of central England, Mercia stretched from Wales in the west to the kingdom of the East Angles (East Anglia) in the east and from the West Saxon kingdom of Wessex in the south to Northumbria in the north.



Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty

The Shropshire Hills were designated an AONB in 1958, one of the first. They reach from the Wrekin in the north-east to the Clun Forest in the south-east, west to the Clee Hills on the Welsh border and to the Stiperstones in the north-west.



Explorers and Adventurers
Born in Dawley in 1848, Matthew Webb became the first person to swim the English Channel when he swam from Dover to Cap Gris Nez in 1875. He died in 1883 attempting to be the first person to swim across the rapids of the Niagara River just below the Niagara Falls on the US-Canadian border.



Historic Events

Major Battles
In 1403 at the Battle of Shrewsbury the reigning monarch Henry IV put down a rebellion against his reign from the powerful Percy family of Northumberland. The king together with his son Prince Henry (the future Henry V) was on the way north with an army to face a Scottish incursion when he heard of the uprising by his former supporters and their Welsh allies. He diverted his army meeting Sir Henry Percy's rebels at Shrewsbury. The battle was won when Percy himself was killed leading the rebellion to fall apart.

Henry IV Henry V



Important Events
It was in an oak tree in the grounds of Boscobel House that Charles II hid during his escape to France after defeat at the Battle of Worcester in 1651.

Charles II
Hiding in the oak tree In Boscobel Wood




Inventors and Scientists

The naturalist and author of "The Origin of the Species" Charles Darwin, was born at The Mount in Shrewsbury in 1809.

Charles Darwin
Darwin Online


A hairy quadruped, furnished with a tail and pointed ears, probably arboreal in its habits.
The Descent of Man (1871) - writing on man's probable ancestors



Places of Interest


Castles
Boscobel House



Historic Buildings
Ludlow Castle

Ludlow Castle in 1798-99 Ludlow Castle in 1972




Royal Consorts and Heirs

House of Tudor
The eldest son of Henry VII and heir to the throne Arthur, Prince of Wales died at Ludlow Castle in 1502. It was his younger brother who would become king as Henry VIII on their father's death in 1509. Arthur is buried in Worcestershire at Worcester Cathedral.

Henry VII Henry VIII
Ludlow Castle in 1798-99




World Heritage Sites

The Ironbridge Gorge is a symbol of the industrial revolution and was designated a World Heritage Site by the UNESCO in 1986. In 1779 Abraham Darby III constructed the world's first iron bridge across the River Severn. Together with the nearby coal mines and the railway connecting them to the blast furnace at Coalbrookdale, it was the model on which the industrial revolution was built.

The Iron Bridge
Ironbridge Gorge



Writers and Poets

The poet Wilfred Owen was born in 1893 at Plas Wilmot, the family home in Oswestry. His anti-war poetry made him famous after his death in the trenches of France one week before the end of the First World War, giving a generation disgusted at the waste and cruelty of the war a powerful voice.

Wilfred Owen
The First World War
The Wilfred Owen Association


Move him into the sun
Gently its touch awoke him once,
At home, whispering of fields half-sown.

Futility (1918)

My subject is War, and the pity of War. The Poetry is in the pity.
Preface - Poems (1918)



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