County of London was formed in 1889 from parts of the ancient counties
of Middlesex, Kent and Surrey, with
the City of London remaining an independent body. In 1965 Greater
London was formed, taking in the rest of Middlesex (which no
longer existed as a county) together with parts of Essex and Hertfordshire
and further areas of Kent and Sussex.
London is made up of 12 Inner and 20 Outer London boroughs together
with the City of London.
The preacher and founder of Methodism
Wesley died in the City Road, Finsbury
in 1791 and is buried there in the chapel named after him. It was
whilst studying at Oxford in 1729 that John's brother Charles had
set up a religious group called the "Oxford Methodists"
which John later joined. This was the beginnings of Methodism
which the brothers would later found together with George Whitefield.
Originally a movement within the Church of England, the Methodists
were eventually forced to separate and form their own church. John's
Wesley died at his home at 1 Wheatley
Street, Westminster in 1788 and was buried at the parish church in
Wilberforce died at 44 Cadogan Place in 1833. He had campaigned
for the abolition
of the slave trade and is buried at Westminster
Wilberforce as a boy
Wilberforce in later life
people buried at Westminster Abbey
first woman to qualify as a doctor in England, Elizabeth
Garrett Anderson was born as Elizabeth Garrett in Whitechapel
in 1836. In 1908 she also became the country's first woman mayor when
she was elected to the office in Aldeburgh in Suffolk.
social reformer Sidney Webb was born
in London in 1859. In 1884 he became one of the founding members of
the newly formed Fabian
Society and in 1892 married another formidable social reformer,
Beatrice Potter. Together they dedicated themselves to promoting Socialist
values and in 1895 established the world-renowned London
School of Economics and Political Science.
Davison was born at Blackheath in 1872. She resorted to militant
actions for which she was often imprisoned. In 1913 she died from
injuries sustained when she was trampled after trying to stop the
king's horse at the Epsom Derby.
Marx was buried at Highgate
Cemetery in 1883. Born in 1818 in Trier in what was then Rheinish
Prussia (now Germany) he had lived with his family in London since
A spectre is haunting Europe - the spectre
The Communist Manifesto (1848)
murders between August and November 1888 of six women in the East
End led to the hunt for Jack
the Ripper. He was never found and his identity is still a mystery
today although many theories have been put forward.
1910 the nursing pioneer Florence
Nightingale died at her home at 10 South Street in Westminster.
She is buried at East Wellow in Hampshire.
Maclean was born in London in 1913. While studying at Cambridge
University he joined the Communist Party together with three friends
and fellow students: Guy Burgess, Kim Philby and Anthony Blunt. The
four - who became known as the Cambridge
Spies - would later divulge many secrets to the Soviet Union and
become one of the most notorious and damaging spy rings to operate
in Britain during the Cold
Maclean died in Moscow in 1983 where he had fled to in 1951 after
he and Burgess were warned by Philby that they had been uncovered.
founder of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud
died in Hampstead
in 1939 where he had lived since having had to flee his home in Vienna
due to the annexation of Austria by Germany the previous year. In
1856 he had been born in Freiburg in Moravia, a part of the Austrian
Empire which now lies in the Czech Republic.
We are so made, that we can only derive intense
enjoyment from a contrast, and only very little from a state of things.
Civilization and its Discontents (1930)
..., but in a world he changed
simply by looking back with no false regrets;
all he did was to remember
like the old and be honest like children.
W.H. Auden: In
Memory of Sigmund Freud (1940)